Some forms of education blindly impose ideas upon young minds instead of teaching them to think for themselves. The whole purpose of an education is to allow the learners to apply themselves to think bigger and better. However, a faulty education system can do more harm than good in this respect. It can be argued that those without a formal education are ready ...Continue

 

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Pakistan was one of the earliest countries to recognize the People’s Republic of China, becoming only the third country and the first Muslim country to recognize the Communist state in 1950. Diplomatic relations were established the following year in 1951, between Beijing and the then capital‐ Karachi. However, relations between the two countries were not entirely cordial, owing to numerous regional issues ...Continue

 

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Many companies in INDIA were family owned and had no trained management staff. Thus management was weak. As the size of the companies sometimes became larger, it was not possible for one family or a small group of people to run this bigger organization. Therefore these companies issued shares to the public to help raise capital needed for the company. In such companies the management was no longer with the family alone ...Continue

 

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The defense forces on their part have adopted information warfare doctrines, which include infosec as a vital element. There is a growing partnership between defense and private industry to evolve IT security solutions for the defense information infrastructure….As defense reliance on commercial off the shelf technology (COTS) grows, the dilemma of selecting an appropriate vendor has been to a large extent addressed by the ...Continue

 

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Globalization is the process by which an activity or undertakings become worldwide in scope and its amazing phenomenon that has shaped the last few decades of existence throughout the world. But what exactly is globalization? According to Merriam and Webster: “the act or process of globalizing: the state of being globalized, especially by free trade, free flow of capital and the tapping of cheaper foreign … Download

 

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Balochestan is a vast region populated mainly by the Baloch,1 who number 15 million, mostly dispersed in Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.2 The land is situated in southwestern Afghanistan, southeastern Iran, and western Pakistan. In Iran, it is called the province of Sistan va Balochestan, the country's biggest province (an area of 181,785 km), comprising over 11 percent of Iran. Sistan is located in the north and … Continue

 

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The Changing Concept of the Mind: A brief historical analysis from Plato to Maslow Umeed Reza Taheri This article will discuss and analysis the brief history of changing concept of the mind ,it begin from its philosophical issues leads to its scientific analysis. The philosophy of mind is the branch of philosophy deals with mind and consciousness. It is concerned with two main branches of philosophy, metaphysics and epistemology .[20.p.1] … Continue

 

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At the outset, one requires a definition of Science in totality. A dictionary definition of science considers it as a systematic branch of knowledge gained through systematic research using organized general laws and leading to the formation of formal knowledge, skills and proficiency. It speaks of an intellectual and practical activity arising out of systematic study and observation of the physical and natural world. It implies the use of experiments … Continue

 

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Human Rights are those minimal rights which every individual must have by virtue of his being a “Member of the human family”, irrespective of any other consideration. They are based on mankind’s demand for a life in which the inherent dignity of the human being will receive respect and consideration. The most basic rights are the ones that relate to life, liberty and security. To these may be added the right to live with dignity. These rights are equal an … Continue

 

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There are thousands of examples around us by which, God presence is felt even though we are unable to see. In this article few examples of chemistry are quoted where God presence is felt rather they prove that God is there for example, genes where not only the characters of particular species are preserved but also continue similarly existence of water at our planet proves that God is there. Further, death of person after a span of a particular … Continue

 

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This model is an insight into both philosophy of mind and language. The reason for designing such model is to analyze the unobservable process of a small part of human language, i.e. syllabification. The achievement behind this designed model is based on the studies of several domains, such as: philosophy of language and linguistics, neurophysiology and genetics, philosophy of mind and symbolic artificial intelligence, and connectionism and dynamicism … Continue

 

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In this article, I would like to discuss the nature of mind and its essence and the way it works. When we refer to the word “mind”, we always think of it as a concept different from what we call "brain", or would differentiate it from "matter". The genetic mechanisms and the learnt belief make our thought and behavior reflect our personal, social, and cultural aspects through our histories. From genetics point of view, there are blueprints within our systems … Continue

 

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Philosophy of mind is about mental phenomena such as sensation, perception, thought, belief, desire, intention, memory, emotion, imagination, and purposeful action. Philosophers have been interested in the nature of each of these phenomena, as well as, their relationships to one another and to physical phenomena such as motion. The relationship of the mind to the body, is commonly seen as the central issue in philosophy of mind … Continue

 

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Sufism, according to the Persian pronunciation, is generally understood not to be a distinct sect of Islam, but the inner, mystical dimension of Islam. A practitioner of this tradition is generally known as Sufi, though some adherents of the tradition reserve this term only for those practitioners who have attained the goals of the Sufi tradition. Another name used for the Sufi seeker is Dervish. Classical Sufi scholars have defined Sufism as … Continue

 

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This article elucidates some pragmatic strategies of social science development in Iran. Nowadays, development of social sciences is one of the most important issues for every country in the world. Scientific fields are commonly divided into two major groups: natural sciences, which study natural phenomena (including biological life), and social sciences, which study human behavior and societies. The strategies have been mentioned in this article … Continue

 

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From intellectuals to the common men, everybody is worried about environmental pollution. However, they are neglecting the main issue of spiritual pollution. This is the main reason of environmental pollution. Materialistically, there is tremendous progress in the life of human being. However, simultaneously there is great spiritual and moral down fall. As human being our progress should be parallel, spiritually as well as materialistically… Continue

 

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Today, Indian sociology is facing many challenges. It is still dominated by the changing paradigms of Western sociology and inspired by their methodologies. It has not yet succeeded in making its contributions to Social Theory and Conceptual Development. Reasons for such a state of affairs are too far wide and deep, and to understand the reasons it is necessary to analyze the socio-historical and political conditions in which sociology in… Continue

 

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Today, the information can be passed on from one corner of the world to the other within a minute. We can fly over 1000 miles in just about three hours, All these are innovative contributions of great scientists. We should have some more of such scientists in the next generation. Our children should develop to such an extent that they will be able to make optimum use of the natural resources. This should be the aim of our education system … Continue

 

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Optimization and development in sciences leading to technology, is a vast topic. It is very difficult to cover all the aspects in this article because of some limitations. Let us take the example of "technology", now the big question is which optimization? It is for destructive purpose or for constructive purpose. Similarly, optimization of science means which science? Is it optimization of mathematics, statistics, economics, chemistry, physics … Continue

 

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This article attempts to analyze the Iraqi crisis through a study of its geopolitical position and policy in historical and contemporary context. It discusses the situation and circumstances that contributed to the Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and the events that followed thereafter till the US intervention in 2003 under the pretext of Iraq's possession of WMD. It also explores the role of the United Nations with regard to the Iraqi crises and … Continue

 

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At the end of the nineteenth century the social sciences became part of the academia. However, at academic levels nobody was trained as social scientist. In addition, between 1890 and 1920s social sciences became a recognized discipline in universities. Presently, socialsciences are the main part of the structures and cultures of the worldwide universities. We should note that the social science disciplines are some branches of knowledge … Continue

 

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India, today, stands at a threshold in leveraging its economic and military growth in consonant with its national security goals. This situation has not only earned a national identity but also an international status where both economy and military strength are major determinants. It’s an irony that India’s growing international status has coincided with two major international developments: One is the disintegration … Continue

 

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I often come to the conclusion that there is at least one notable difference between philosopher and poet. Well, first, I have to contextualize my note by pointing out that this difference might not be felt in secular societies rather it comes to light particularly in authoritarian societies where obedience to the ruling institution or tradition is strongly enforced. Secondly, the difference can be drawn when both philosopher and poet … Continue

 

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It is unfair to claim that democracy does not exist; it exists but in relative fashion. Democracy is measured in comparison with societies' respective norms, values, and cultures. I do not deny the fact that the exercise of democracy has been improved from generation to generation. The same democracy, for example, which we enjoy today, did not exist in the ancient Roman society... Well, but, the present text requires us not to get … Continue

 

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In this note, we will consider the fundamental steps towards entrepreneurship. At first, we will refer to two kinds of definitions of the entrepreneurship. The second definition will be more of our interest since it implies the notion of creativity. Hence, it will be more related to this article. Then we will analyze certain levels of "development". In this regard, we will discuss two types of thought process, traditional and modern thinking … Continue

 

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Islam, mainly of the Sunni sect, is practiced by 4 percent of the population of Burma, according to the government census. However, according to the US State Department (2006) international religious freedom report, official statistics underestimate the non-Buddhist population which could be as high as 30 percent. The country's non-Buddhist populations were underestimated in the census. Muslim leaders estimate … Continue

 

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This article is primarily a conceptual overview on the theme of emerging Chinese security threats for India and India needs to review its security strategy as a rising Asian power. China’s defence modernization needs to be monitored carefully in the foreseeable future for the implications that it can have on the security and defence of India. So, now China is seen as a main security threat to India’s growth than Pakistan. History also shows … Continue

 

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India and Iran have friendly relations in many areas, despite India not welcoming the 1979 Revolution. There are significant trade ties, particularly in crude oil imports into India and diesel exports to Iran. Iran frequently objected to Pakistan's attempts to draft anti-India resolutions at international organizations such as the OIC and the Human Rights Commission India welcomed Iran's inclusion as an observer state in the … Continue

 

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The relationship between India and Vietnam has flourished significantly after the post Cold War era. India’s support for recognition of a unified Vietnam and Hanoi’s backing for India during the formation of Bangladesh acted as magnetism for building the relationship to a strategic partnership. Both countries marked the 5th anniversary of their strategic partnership (2007-2012) and celebrated their 40th anniversary … Continue

 

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The EU and India enjoy a close relationship based on shared values and mutual respect. In recent years, the relationship has developed exponentially in terms of shared vision, goals and challenges. India-EU kindred go back to the early 1960s, when India was among the first countries to establish diplomatic relations with the (then) EEC. The 1994 cooperation agreement signed between EU and India took bilateral relations beyon … Continue

 

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ASEAN was formed in 1967 and its founding fathers had envisioned an organization which would include all the ten countries of Southeast Asia (SEA). It began with five Southeast Asian states (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand); and others including the LMCV countries (Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia, and Vietnam) joined later. An eleventh country, East Timor, is yet to be granted membership. The SEA countries … Continue

 

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India is walking a precarious line these days, attempting to placate the US, with whom it has large trade and strategic ties, while retaining close relations with Iran, a regional friend that’s a source of badly-needed gas and fuel. India’s continuing energy cooperation with Iran continues to be a prime area of foreign policy divergence between India and the United States. India is engaged in an increasingly difficult balancing act … Continue

 

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Muslim Arab countries constitute a large part of the Middle East. One of the major countries in the Middle East is Egypt. The importance of this country is not concealed to anyone. It has played an important role in the regional developments, in particular the developments in the northern Africa and in the issues related to the Arabs and Palestine. The Arabs-Palestine debate is one of the hectic issues in the Middle East and in the Islamic world … Continue

 

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We all know that the developed countries relatively have reached ‘development.’ We use the word ‘relatively” because no country in the world so far has achieved its absolute development. Because there are plenty of problems in the developed countries too, which can be regarded as signs of backwardness. Why then the phrase ‘developed’ is used for such countries? Because when we compare a developed state like Japan with an … Continue

 

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The real aim of a sustainable state is to improve the quality of human life. A natural state is that supreme institution, which emerges out of, will of the society to serve the society. It must follow the principles of social contract, a contract in which mutual consent, public good, healthy life and education, access to resources needed for a decent standard of living, political freedom, human rights, freedom from violence, and lives of dignity … Continue

 

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By the end of the 19th century several nationalistic movements had started in India. Indian nationalism had grown largely since the British policies of education and the advances made by the British in India in the fields of transportation and communication. However, their complete insensitivity to and distance from the people of India and their customs created such disillusionment with them in their subjects that … Continue

 

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Kamala Das speaks out her heart based on her own premises. She struggles to cope with her problems and dilemmas. She makes a discovery of human existence and narrates her experience vividly and passionately. She feels exploited and cheated by the civilization of which she is a part. It seems that Kamala Das finds no way out of her tormented inner world and knows that there can be no easy solutions … Continue

 

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In "An Introduction" which is one of her poems we see protest against domination of the world by men; it is one of the recurring themes in this poem. Kamala Das’ feminism or her advocacy of the rights of women clearly appears here. She expresses that when she asked for love, she got a husband, who could not give her the true love, which she expects. He approached sexual union crudely without any sensitivity. Though there was no physical violence … Continue

 

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I run into Dr. Ahmad Reza Taheri's article "WHY DEMOCRACY IS BIWILDERING " by accident and decided to bring up some points about democracy. It may help us to have a clearer picture about democracy. Perhaps Dr. Taheri meant to say why democracy is BEWILDERING, meaning confusing and difficult to understand. I believe the word “BIWILDERING” is a typographical error! Dr. Taheri selected a great subject for discussion due to … Continue

 

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In Islam, like any other institution, human being enjoys a limited form of freedom. In other words, human being cannot enjoy its individuality, of course, an individuality which, is perceived by the modern western philosophy. In Islam, individuality is a prisoner of faith in God. Since its inception, Islam did not undergo necessary reforms to promote the individuality of human being as the "concept of individualism" is understood in political philosophy … Continue

 

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